Which Is The First Of The Internationally Binding Agreements On Human Rights

The fundamental principles of human rights first set out in the UDHR, such as universality, interdependence and indivisibility, equality and non-discrimination, and the fact that human rights simultaneously include the rights and duties of duty-bearers and rights-holders, have been repeated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations and resolutions. Today, all UN member states have ratified at least one of the nine major international human rights treaties, and 80% have ratified four or more, concretely expressing the universality of the UDHR and international human rights. This system developed within the framework of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, which established the Commission on Human Rights in accordance with Article 68 of the Charter of the United Nations. The Commission was not composed of independent experts, but of 54 government representatives elected by the Council independently of the human rights record of the States concerned. Accordingly, the States designated as among the worst violators of human rights were members of the Commission. The Commission`s main achievement was the elaboration and almost universal acceptance of the three main international human rights instruments: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (IACHR), the latter two of which were adopted in 1966. In fact, the UDHR has inspired more than 80 international human rights treaties and declarations, a large number of regional human rights conventions, national human rights laws and constitutional provisions, which together form a comprehensive legally binding system for the promotion and protection of human rights. .

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